Futuregen is a flagship $1.5bn US public-private project intended to showcase "clean coal" technologies that would result in a 275MW power plant with near-zero emissions.
Announced by former president George W Bush in 2003, the project aims to use a mixture of so-called "clean coal" technologies, such as coal gasification, emissions control, carbon capture and storage (CCS), and hydrogen production systems.
Alpha Natural Resources, CHP Billiton, China Huaneng Group, CONSOL Energy, E.ON, Peabody Energy, Rio Tinto, and Xstrata Coal will all contribute over $400m each to the development of the plant in Mattoon, Illinois.
However, the project has been dogged by funding isssues and in September 2009 the US Department of Energy restructured its funding for the project after announcing it could pull its contribution earlier in the year.
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